The complete guide on Artificial Grass by expert gardeners
Have you ever dreamed of having a lush lawn in your backyard? Then you probably know how much time, patience, and commitment it requires to grow and maintain. There an easier way to enjoy fresh-looking grass tough. Let us tell you more about artificial grass.
If you are wondering how to lay artificial grass, our experts are here to help. Our complete guide will help you with artificial grass laying and will make gardening no longer a boring chore.
A stunning lush lawn is more than an outdoor ornament. Well-kept grassy areas bring life and serenity to gardens and fully complete any traditional and modest landscape design. At the same time, they provide a perfect area for relaxation and an outdoor retreat for friends and family bonding time.
So if you decide to skip the planting process and wait for the grass to grow, stay put as we will help you prepare the ground for artificial grass installation.
Measure the zone you want to cover
Let’s start by measuring the zone for artificial grass laying. It is imperative to plan out the length and width of the area. That way, you would know exactly how much turf, joins and grounding supplies you need for optimal results. Additionally, working out these measurements beforehand allows you to restructure your garden and upgrade your landscape design.
If you are having genuine trouble measuring and planning out turfing dimensions, our West London artificial grass experts can help with that. We can even lend you a hand in the prep and laying out process.
Observe the area for underground hazards
The next step towards preparation for fitting artificial grass is to check for underground hazards and obstacles. It is imperative to work a way out to relocate or remove any electrical wires and water pipes under the surface area of your soon-to-be lawn.
Move electric lines 15-10cm away from the installation perimeter before you begin. This is a must-do action since securing artificial grass edges might cause damage to the underground wires. Feel free to relocate them again on top of the subgrade and pin them with u nails.
If any water sprinklers are getting in the way – cover them at pipe level. Trust a good drainage system to clear water out before you proceed with artificial grass landscaping.
Gather the proper tools
Turf laying requires proper tools, artificial grass installers, and grounding materials. Here are the most important tools you need:
- Turf cutter
- Edge trimming tool
- Stanley knife
Avoid any delay in the work process by making sure to collect all the supplies before you start artificial grass installation.
Remove the weeds
Weeding is one of the most important prep steps. Manual removal of weeds is a good solution but not as good as spraying non-toxic weed killer on the designated area. Killing weeds and grassroots leaves a bare ground, perfect for laying artificial grass.
The best time for the procedure is two weeks before the artificial grass installation. It ensures no plants would be on the way and the ground would not be recently treated.
Get rid of the top layer of the soil
Removal of the top soil layer is an important measure in the artificial grass preparation process because it clears up space for a new base. The average depth to go for is 10-12 cm.
Compact the area
Make the best of the ground by walking over the area to apply pressure and loosen up the ground. Finish off by compacting the ground. Use a roller or a vibrating plate for best results. You can rent such equipment from gardening centers. Alternatively, our West London artificial grass specialists can come to the rescue and handle it all for you.
Artificial grass installation
Once the ground has already been prepped for installation, it is time to learn how to put down artificial grass. Our garden professionals have collected and summarized everything you need to know on the topic.
Follow the procedures step by step and learn how to lay artificial grass like a pro.
Lay the base
If you are laying artificial grass over hard concrete or paving, use performance pads to cushion the area. Roll the pads out and secure them with tape and glue. In case you are installing artificial grass over the soil, your base type options are stone or sand. Sand should not be too dry, otherwise, it becomes way harder to lay, compact, and work with.
Let’s go over the process of how to lay artificial grass base on bare ground. Scatter the sand/stone sun-base around the area, using a shovel or wheelbarrow. This layer should consist of no less than a 4 cm thick compacted base for the ultimate ability to drain. Finish up by adding a layer of 1cm sharp sand on top of the sub-base.
Water the area
After the base has been laid out, it is time to water the area where the artificial grass will be installed. Watering the area with a sprinkler or a hose allows the soil and the base layer to loosen up and establish a better connection. Yet, have in mind that overwatering the base is not acceptable as it can wash away or ruin the layer structure of the sand.
Compact the ground again
The next step is to repeat the compacting process and level the ground. The best way to compact a stone base is with a plate/hand tamper or compactor. Make sure to repeat the overlapping sessions for better depth reduction.
The final reduction goal is 80-90% of initial depth. Compacting the ground before artificial grass installation results in flatting and leveling the terrain. Subsequently, a compacted stone base should retain its drainage while feeling like a hard concrete cover.
Roll out the grass
Once the area is free of any bumps and lows, it is time to attach the artificial grass. Start with planning the placement. Consider the measurements you took earlier and roll out the artificial grass in a direction that leaves it looking as natural as possible.
It is a good idea to mark down with chalk the areas you will lay the grass rolls upon. That way you get a border reference and can rest assured all cut slices would end up in their right places. Avoid stepping on the synthetic grass while laying it out.
Settle the grass & join the pieces together
It is a common procedure to let the artificial grass settle for a few hours or even overnight. Otherwise fake lawns tend to become creased, bumpy, and wrinkled. Check out the list of the most important steps in settling and joining synthetic grass.
- Join pieces with tape and glue
- Seam the patches together in small sections
- Leave no space between the artificial grass pieces
- Trim newly laid excess where it overlaps the fixed one(s)
- Cut seam tape to match the length of grass patches
- Lay out seam tape on the border between the synthetic pieces
- Secure edges with nails on each corner
- Lift the turf, pour glue and spread it
- Make sure artificial grass fibers have no contact with the glue
- Apply pressure to stick patches
Trim the edges & pin down the grass
After the laying and settling phases of artificial grass, comes a time to take care of the edging and give the lawn a polished final look.
Patch edges are the most sensitive parts of every artificial grass installation. They tend to cave to the sides, leaving your lawn looking cheap and neglected. To avoid the issue, our expert advice is to cut off the underside of the turf accordingly. Always use a sharp knife to trim the edges and avoid gaps between the grass and its surrounding features (trees, walls, patios, driveways, etc.)
Fix the grass with ground pins to secure it. Nail them at a distance of 20 cm each for the best result and stability.
Grooming & final advice
Make sure your artificial grass is looking neat and well-kept. Start with this final grooming step by brooming or brushing the synthetic tissue until leftover sand particles sink underneath the grass.
Brushing the grass also helps you take care of any uneven points in the garden that are too bumpy and could ruin the lawn display. It is normal to repeat the brushing task over and over until you get the results you are looking for and no infill is left laying around. If you have no patience for brushing, get a leaf blower and you might get the same outcome.
Lastly, water the fake grass to set the sand and blow away any fallen leaves, branches, and other garden debris.
Artificial grass installation requires a lot of skill and motivation. It is not an impossible task to handle on your own but it is challenging. If you are a beginner or enthusiast with no experience in garden maintenance and turfing – you would probably need the assistance of a professional gardening team.
Our gardeners in London are ready to help you plan out and execute an artificial grass project without spending tons of money on it. Request a free consultation today and start your fresh lawn journey tomorrow.