The Proper Lawn Care: Useful Tips and Lawn Care Calendar

The Proper Lawn Care: Useful Tips and Lawn Care Calendar

You’ve got a beautiful garden but don’t know how to keep it lush and green throughout the year? You need some tips on basic lawn treatment such as how to aerate lawn or how to mow lawn at all? Then, read ahead and we will help you out. Lawn care is extremely important. If you take care of it regularly, you can save money and time in the future while keeping it lush and clean. The following tips are organized into a lawn care calendar and will help with your lawn maintenance from spring to winter.

Early Spring

Snowdrop in early spring that is covered in early-morning dew.

“Snowdrops and Raindrops” by Amanda Slater is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0,

Proper preparation is key for cleaning up your garden after winter. It is the time to prepare for lawn-growing and mowing season. The first thing to decide is whether you want to do the maintenance alone or hire lawn care services.

Sharpen Mower Blades

Make sure your mower blades are sharpened every month during the grass-cutting period. This will guarantee clean cuts, while a dull blade can lead to teared grass, rough edges, and pathogens.

Upgrade Your Mower

Don’t forget to tune up and change your mower with a new spark plug and air filter and every year.

Purchase Fresh Gas

The gas that has been left to sit through winter can cause moisture and thus harming smaller engines. Fuels consisting of ethanol are especially harmful. Better use regular grades of gasoline. In case of having old gasoline to dump, contact your local town administration for information on disposal sites that accept old fuel.

Clean Up the Lawn

During the winter, lots of twigs and leaves have hoarded. A dense layer of wet leaves can ruin the lawn by restricting the sun and air that get in the soil. They should be removed as soon as possible in early spring in order to move on using fertilizer and herbicides. You can also trim any trees and shape any hedges if needed so.


A garden with a little grass and a few plants in early spring which needs fertilization.

“Evolution XIII” by Kai Schreiber is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0,

Now it is the season your grass will start growing intensively, therefore it is the perfect time for the first cutting. Avoid mowing when the grass is wet because it can spread diseases, and wet grass can block the mower.


Spring and fall are good seasons to fertilize your lawn. For those who live in places where the winters are cold, you should fertilize in fall. The grass in colder countries have developed in way to store energy in their roots that they use in the spring. Therefore, no fertilizing is need in spring. Those who live in warmer places should apply fertilizer when the grass starts its most active growth.


Aerating makes small holes in the lawn which helps water, fertilizers and oxygen reach the grass roots. Use the aeration machine when the soil is damp but not drenched. Aeration is also needed if you have clay in your soil, or your soil is heavily compacted.
If you wonder how to aerate lawn, follow these steps:

  • Make sure the soil is moist. Always aerate a day after rain, otherwise water the lawn the day before.
  • Use an aeration machine. It usually covers only a small portion of soil surface per pass, therefore use it multiple times over the most compacted spots. Don’t use it over undamaged patches to safe energy.
  • Now, the unearthed soil plugs should be left to dry and then broken up by running them over with the mower or beating them with the back of the rake. This would give your lawn an even and clean appearance.

Pre-emergent Herbicides

Use a pre-emergent herbicide in order to avoid forming of crabgrass and other weeds in the lawn. You are going to need your thermometer for this one. Check when the soil temperature reaches 14 degrees. This is when the weeds begin to sprout. Perfect time to apply the herbicide.

Early Summer

Beautiful grass, bushes and trees in a lush and green garden which is maintained by regularly cutting the grass and removing weeds.

“The Garden in Late June 2012” by Henry Burrows is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0,

Look Around for Grubs

During warmer weather, grub worms, larvae and beetles begin eating the tender root systems of lawns. If your lawn is affected, it will show browning and wilting patches. You can check for grubs when you pull back the sod. If you have more than 10 grubs per square meter, you should use chemical pesticide to treat your lawn. An alternative and environmentally friendly way to that is to use milky spore.


At this point, your grass will start to grow really fast, so you have to mow it more than once a week to keep it healthy. If you have a busy life, consider turning to a lawn mowing service to help you out and ensure the lushness of your lawn.

Pesky Weeds

If there are weeds that have escaped the herbicide, you should remove them with a garden fork. The use of a post-emergent herbicide is only needed, if you the condition of your lawn is getting out of hand.


Planted roses and other plants and trees in a lush garden during summer.

“Garden, April 13” by Jon Roberts is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0,

Follow Those Tips for a Healthy and Lush Lawn During the Warmest Season of the Year:

  • Mower blade height should be 7.6 cm
  • Water your lawn infrequent but deep. Sprinkles water the lawn frequently but help only for shallow root growth. Your grass needs around 2.5 cm of water per month to avoid turning latent.
  • In order to track how much water your lawn gets, you can scatter around pie tins, for example, and follow how much water is collected. For tracking the natural water from rain and others you can use a rain gauge.
  • Clean underneath the mower frequently, at least once per month, to avoid spreading diseases.
  • You can leave grass clippings on the lawn because they tend to decompose and nurture the soil. However, leaves, twigs and debris should be regularly removed.

Early Fall

Patching the bare and thin spots around the garden in early fall.

“Ground plot” by Baka-san is licensed under CC BY 2.0,

When the temperatures start to cool off, it is time to patch the bare and thin spots around your garden. First, you should remove any dead grass and break up the soil with a garden trowel. Then, insert 2.5 cm of compost and spread grass seed evenly across the thin spot. Ensure that the seeds are deep into the soil by using a hard-tooth rake. Next, scatter some grass clippings left from mowing over the spot. This way you will avoid the drying out of the soil. Finally, make sure you lightly water the patch once a day to keep it moist until the new grass becomes 2.5 cm tall.



Close-up of a lawn which is covered in leaves, twigs and debris that should be removed during the fall season.

“Fall is coming” by waterboard is licensed under CC BY 2.0,

In Fall, you should primarily focus on keeping your lawn clean of leaves, twigs and debris. If you live in a place with harsher winters, it is time to fertilize the lawn. The grass will keep the nutrients in its roots and be ready to sprout in spring. You can continue on with the mowing by the time when the grass becomes dormant. You can cut is as short as you want to, since there is no benefit of keeping it long at this point.


A garden during winter where all plants and trees are covered in snow.

Photo by Rictor Norton & David Allen is licensed under CC BY 2.0,

During winter there is not much to be done but you can still take some steps to help yourself out for next year. Make sure you don’t walk or park on the lawn during winter. Restrict any possible traffic over it. If you need to melt the ice, choose products that are designed for your lawn and won’t damage it. For example, avoid rock salt (sodium chloride). Finally, you can take into consideration any problems that have occurs the past year and find out how to tackle and avoid them in the future.

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