Transplanting Essentials: Everything You Need to Know
From the pot to the garden, there are many factors of the plant care that need to be considered before, during and after transplanting. Germinating a seedling and growing it be a healthy young plant ready to make a successful transition into the garden, requires a lot of time, commitment and attention.
Find below valuable tips and practical advice on everything you need to know about the process of transplanting:
Why Start Your Plants Indoors
Indoor potted plants make a great decor addition to every home interior by bringing nature inside. However, when it comes to decorating your yard space and improving your garden, it is always a good idea to replant your home-grown seedlings into the outdoor area.
The biggest advantages of transplanting are control and monitoring. Gardeners have extensive authority to regulate plants in the early stages of their growth. Supervision and management of bed space allow growers to minimize the risk of poor germination and create perfect conditions for the young greenery.
It is safe to say that seeds might face a somewhat hostile environment if they get initially planted outdoors. On the other side, when you start your plants indoors, you have full control over the lighting, heat and water exposure they would get, assuring fast germination and growth. Once the plant is already in its healthy development, it can be transferred and replanted in the garden.
How to Prep for Transplanting
Prepping for transplanting starts with choosing the spot where the replanting would take place. Rest assured that the new home of your transplant would provide all the conditions (heat, water, light, etc) for healthy development. Gather all the tools you would need to prepare the flower bed and the soil for hosting the plant and buy/prepare all additional nutrition, such as compost and liquid fertilizers.
Check for Compatibility
Before you proceed with transplanting your indoor plants outdoors, first priority on your list should be to check if the greenery is able to successfully adapt and survive the transfer. Many plants require specific soil type and environmental conditions to grow, and if your garden cannot provide those factors – maybe you should reconsider the replanting.
For the prevention of such situations, better check for compatibility before you start the initial planting process. Conducting online research about a specific potted plant to understand how much light, heat, nutrition, and water it prefers is one of the resolutions to skip on possible transplanting failure.
Prepare the Soil
Even if the soil in your garden provides sufficient conditions for plant growth, it is always advisable to prepare and enrich your flower beds before transplanting. Untilled soil becomes suitable for replanting purposes after spading or troweling it and mixing it with wetted peat or compost.
When preparing flower beds, opt for a crumbly result but try to work with moist soil (but never sodden) to avoid hard clumps. Once the ground is ready for hosting the transplant, rake the soil to evenly distribute the mixture and smooth the surface. Remove rocks and sticks, as debris interferes with the contact between earth and root.
The Step-by-Step Transplanting Guide
Handle plants gently
Young plants need excessive care and gardeners have to assure they are handled carefully and would not be overwhelmed by the change in the conditions. Preparing a potted plant for transplanting starts with watering it two hours before the procedure. Watering is a necessity that encourages damp roots that would not be damaged due to soppiness.
Moving the plant from the pot to the garden has to be done gently. Refrain from touching the neck because it is fragile and you can damage your greenery. Cup the bottom during the removal from the container and ensure you are avoiding root disturbance.
Dig the right size of a hole
The next step after the detachment of the plant from its pot is to put in a gound hole on the flower bed. Digging the right size of a hole is a big deal for the transplant, however, it is not a hard task to complete.
The hole has to be deep and wide enough to provide sufficient space for a plant’s undisturbed root system. For confirmation that the hole is a proper sizing, try to put the pot into the soil. If the whole matches pot size, then for sure it would be able to hold the plant.
Choose the right depth
Select the dept for replanting by taking the transplant as a measurement. Most annual greens favor being planted with their rootball top reaching the ground level. Note that deeper planting might trigger serious rotting processes. Instead of ramming and mashing the soil, tuck it in around the root system to ensure the transplant has full contact with the earth.
Take proper care
Transplanting could be a very overwhelming and stressful process for plants, especially during warm periods. It is vital to ease the transition of transplants and take some extra precautions for their well-being.
In the first few weeks, make sure you perform a daily health check of your transplants. Feed them weekly using a water-soluble fertilizer. Water them every day and note that as a plant is larger – it needs more resources to thrive. Make sure to check the soil for dryness in a few inches depth in order to determine if the crop got all the water supply it needed (lower layers should never dry out).
Mulching is an effective solution to keep moisture and help keep down weeds. Light materials like leaves, bark, wood shavings, dry grass would do wonders for your transplants. Much gently and be careful not to bury plant’s leaves or damage its stem.